Consumption of sugary drinks —which include all drinks with added sugars, such as soda, fruit drinks, and sports drinks—is strongly linked to obesity and a number of other negative health consequences.
This research publication is based on a review of the literature on this topic, published in BMC Obesity (Bleich and Vercammen 2018). It examines the evidence on:
1) the health impacts of sugary beverages on children’s health (obesity, diabetes risk, dental caries, and caffeine-related effects);
2) the health impact of substituting sugary drinks with other drinks; and
3) the role of taste preferences in sugary beverage consumption patterns.
There is clear evidence that consumption of sugary beverages increases overweight and obesity risk and dental caries among children and adolescents, with emerging evidence linking sugary beverage consumption to risk of diabetes. The vast majority of the available literature suggests that reducing sugary beverage consumption could help improve children’s health by decreasing the risk for obesity and other negative health consequences. More research is needed related to substitution and taste preferences.
The BMC Obesity review is available at: https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-017-0178-9